Feb 26, 2018 by Lisa Carson RN, BSN
One of the most common health problems that seniors over 60 face is vision problems. There are several different types of vision problems that are common among seniors. Some of them have symptoms that can be helped with lifestyle changes like eating a healthier diet or getting enough exercise. But others are more serious. Anytime a senior notices changes in their vision they should see an eye doctor and they should also be getting regular eye exams at least once a year. Some of the most common vision problems seniors face include the following:
A term that refers to a visual impairment that cannot be corrected through glasses, contacts, pharmaceuticals, or surgery is known as low vision. Vision training, low vision devices, and rehabilitation can help seniors with low vision improve their life. Low vision is often something that occurs over time and seniors often think they are just experiencing natural vision loss as they get older. But low vision can make it tough for seniors to function at home. They may have trouble seeing the letters on a pill bottle, the numbers on the clock, or the off button on the oven. A caregiver from a home health agency is a fantastic resource for seniors who want to stay at home but might need some extra help to make sure that they’re safe at home.
AMD is a condition that affects the macula, which is the center of the retina and responsible for the acute vision necessary for driving, reading, and performing other activities that require sharp or straight ahead vision. Although most people with AMD have dry AMD, wet AMD does affect a small number of seniors. Seniors with AMD often rely on a caregiver from a home health agency to help them with personal care and other tasks.
Cloudy areas of the eye lens that develop with age and cause poor vision are known as cataracts. Seniors with cataracts may find that things look blurry, hazy, or less colorful and will likely require glasses or contacts or cataract surgery.
A group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, which is essential for good vision is known as glaucoma. Glaucoma doesn’t show any symptoms early on but can be diagnosed through regular eye exams and can lead to vision loss or blindness. It can be treated with pills, eye drops, and surgery.
When a senior does not have enough tears to lubricate and nourish their eye, they likely have dry eye. Dry eyes can be treated by adding tears, conserving tears, increasing tear production, and treating the contributing eyelid or ocular surface inflammation. Keeping a humidifier running in the home can also help combat the symptoms of dry eyes.
To keep their eyes tip-top shape and ensure vision problems are diagnosed early on, older adults should make it a priority to visit their eye doctor on a regular basis.
If your senior loved one in Lubbock, TX is having age-related vision problems and you’re worried about them living at home alone call one of our senior care specialists today to find out more about how a caregiver from a home health agency can help your loved one with everyday tasks and provide companionship for them.